Resistance is a current-limiting capability of an electrical circuit, ie whatever resistance is present in the circuit. Resistance is measured in ohms (Ω).
Inductance is a measure of the relationship between the current and the magnetic flux. The inductance of a circuit counteracts changes in the current passing through a coil.
The unit for inductance is Henry (H) or alternatively Weber per ampere. In most cases, 1 H is a very high induction of which, for example, mH etc is used instead.
The ability of a component to store an electrical charge is called capacitance and is defined as the ratio of charge to voltage. Capacitance is measured in the SI unit danger (F) which equals 1 coulomb per second which is often a very high capacitance for ordinary components.