 ## LLC

### LCC

Commonly
Discount rate r= %
Calculation period t= år
Energy price Epris= kr/kWh
Energy price development Eutv= %/år
Maintenance costs development Uutv= %/år

Existing New
Investment cost I= kkr kkr
Maintenance cost U= kkr/år kkr/år
Energy consumption E= kWh/år kWh/år
Residual value R= kkr kkr
Result
Present value I+U NVi= kkr kkr
Present value energy NVe= kkr kkr
Present value totalt NVt= kkr kkr

### Lcc

Lcc or Life Cycle Cost is a measure of how much an investment costs during its lifetime.

### Discount rate

The interest rate used for investments after inflation, ie real interest rates.

### Calculation period

Over what period the calculation should be made.

### Energy price

Refers to the price of the energy supplied to the device.

### Energy price development

Refers to how energy prices develop during the calculation period excluding inflation.

### Investment cost

The cost of the current investment.

### Maintenance cost

The annual cost of maintenance work that needs to be done on the appliance.

### Maintenance costs development

Refers to how maintenance costs develop during the calculation period excluding inflation.

### Energy consumption

The energy needed to supply the device per year.

### Residual value

The value of the investment that remains after the calculation period has expired.

### Present value

Present value is the estimated value of an investment's future cash flow. The investment is profitable if the present value exceeds the investment cost.

### Formula

Present value: 